Individuals undergoing cancer treatment frequently experience muscle and bone loss, Sarcopenia, and sometimes, even, osteoporosis. When one faces such bone or muscle loss, the risk of breaking or fracturing a bone is much higher. This can lead to a negative chain reaction in one’s quality of life which may eventually lead to death.
If an individual loses their appetite because of cancer or its treatment, then he or she cannot exercise. If inactivity lasts for more than 4 to 8 weeks, muscle begins to turn to fat, leading to weakness throughout the whole body and fatigue. Over time, mood can be affected and this can lead to depression.
The bones, as well as production of hormones such as estrogen, are affected by radiation, hormone some forms of chemotherapy. In addition to reduced muscle mass, a sedentary lifestyle is a major factor in loss of bone density. Cancer-related bone loss happens much more quickly than normal age-related bone loss.
Exercise increases both muscle mass and bone density but, when it comes to bones, resistance exercise is the key. Lifting weights 3 to 5 times a week will do the trick. If you consistently follow this plan, you can expect results in 4 to 12 weeks. Diet is also an important key to building bone density and muscle mass. Be sure to consult with a nutritionist to devise a plan containing the proper nutrients and calories needed to reduce the effects of cancer treatment.